Tag Archives: Virtual Lab

Create your Virtual Lab Environment with Lability – HowTo…

For newbies it could be a little bit complicated to start with lability, but this tool is great and you can save a lot of time if you use it – thanks to Iain for his great work!

I wrote this howto for starting with this tool from scratch and to avoid obstackles and errors – if you find mistakes or other useful info, to find it worth to add, pls leave a comment – any feedback appreciated.

Prerequisites

I use a “lab” notebook (16GB Ram and SSD drive) with windows 10 enterprise for this tutorial (tested also on a server with 2016TP5):

Start a Powershell CMD Line with Admin rights…

Check if you have PowerShell Gallery registered:

..if you get a “WARNING: Unable to find module repositories.” – you have to register PSGallery first:

If not done before, we should change our trustedpolicy for installing scripts from PSGallery source – to do so run the following command (not necessary if you start above cmdlet register-psrepository…):

…checking for nuget – if not installed, this CMDLet let you install it:


(if you have not installed the NuGet provider – the command ask you to install…)

Administrator: Windows PowerSheII Sin ows PowerS e opyright (C) 2015 Mi crosoft Corporation. PS find-module NuGet provider is required to continue PowerSheI IGet requires NuGet provider version rights reserved. '2. 8. 5. 201' or never to interact with NuGet-based repositories. The NuGet provider must be available in 'C: \ Program Files \ PackageNanagement\ProviderAssembIies' or You can also install the NuGet provider by running 'Install-packageprovider -Name NuGet -MinimumVersion 2. 8.5. 201 -Force'. Do you want PowerSheIIGet to install and import the NuGet provider now? [Y] Yes [N] No [S] Suspend C?] Help (default is "Y") :

Let´s install and answer the question with Y

…after installation you will see a long list of all Modules in PSGallery – you can specify the search with:

fi nd-modul e ers•on .10.0 2.5.o.o I em32> Name Labi I ity xEXOLlserAvai abi ity AddCustomAvai abi ityD8 Instal -Module abi lity2 Type Modu e Modu e Modu e Name Labi I i ty Repos i tory PSGaI ery PSGaI ery PSGaI ery Description The Lability module contains cmdlets for provisioning Hyper-V test lab and development . xEXOLlserAvaiIabiIity can help you to get user availability from Office 365 Exchange On I... Powershell Module To Add Database(s) to an Existing Availability Group

Installation

Install Lability Module:

You can check all available commands from this module with:

PS C: WINCOW system32> Get-Comman e La onunandType Name Function Checkpoi nt-Lab Function Export -LabHostConfi i on Function Get-LabHostConfigurat ion Function Get-LabHostDefau It Function Get-LabHostDefau I ts Function Get-LabImage Function Get - La*' edia Function Get - LabW Function Get -LabWDefau t Function Get-LabWDefauIts Function mport-LabHostConfigurat ion Function Invoke-LabResour ceDown Ioad Function New-LabImage Function New- LabW Function Regi ster -LabNedia Function Ranove-LabConfiguration Function Remove-LabW Function Reset-Lab Function Reset -LabHostDefauIt Function Reset -LabHostDefau I ts Function Reset -LabNedia Function Reset -LabW Function Reset -LabWDefauIt Function Reset -LabWDefauIts Function Restore-Lab Function Set -LabHostDefau It Function Set -LabHostDefau I ts Function Set -LabWDefau t Function Set -LabWDefau I ts Function Start-Lab Function Start -LabConfiguration Function Start -LabHostConfiguration Function Stop-Lab Function Test -LabConfiguration Function Test -LabHostConfiguration Function Test -Lablmage Function Test -LabNedia Function Test -LabResource Function Test -LabW Function Unr egi ster - LaHMedia Ity Versi on 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o o. 10.0 0.10.o 0.10.o Source Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity Labi lity

Download Sources (optional)

After sucessful install you can download sources (optional – lability do this automatically if you start your labconfig) and get your images ready:

Check all available media files:

PS Get-LaI*edia I ft Id,Description Descri ption 2016TP5_x64_ 2016TP5_x64_ 2016TP5_x64_ 2016TP5_x64_ 2016TP5_x64_ 2016TP4_x64_ 2016TP4_x64_ 2016TP4_x64_ 2016TP4_x64_ 2016TP4_x64_ Standard_EN St an dard_Cor e_EN Datacenter _ EN Dat _Cor e_EN NAW_EN Standard_EN St an dard_Cor e_EN Datacenter _ EN Dat _Cor e_EN NAW_EN Wi ndows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Wi n dows Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server Server 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2016 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 2012 Technical Technical Technical Technical Technical Technical Technical Technical Technical Technical Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi Pr evi 4 4 4 4 4 Standard 64bit English Standard Core 64bit English Datacenter 64bit English Datacenter Core 64bit English Nano 64bit English Standard 64bit English Standard Core 64bit English Datacenter 64bit English Datacenter Core 64bit English Nano 64bit English R2 Standard 64bit R2 Standard 64bit English Evaluation English Evaluation with 5 2 012 an dard_Cor e_ EN_V5 _ Eval 2 012 acent er _Cor 2 012 acent er _Cor _ Eva - R2 Standard Core 64bit English Evaluation R2 Standard Core 64bit English Evaluation with 5 R2 Datacenter 64bit English Evaluation R2 Datacenter 64bit English Evaluation with MF 5 R2 Datacenter Core 64bit English Evaluation R2 Datacenter Core 64bit English Evaluation with 5 IN81_x64_ IN81_x64_ IN81_x86_ IN81_x86_ 1 NIO_x64_ INIO_x86_ 1 NIO_x64_ INIO_x86_ Enter pri Enter pri Enter pr i s Ent er pr i s 8.1 64bit Enterprise English Evaluation 8.1 64bit Enterprise English Evaluation with 5 8.1 32bit Enterprise English Evaluation 8.1 32bit Enterprise English Evaluation with 5 10 64bit Enterprise 1607 English Evaluation 10 32bit Enterprise 1607 English Evaluation 10 64bit Enterprise LTS8 English Evaluation 10 32bit Enterprise LTS8 English Evaluation

Change directories (optional)

Let´s look at the Host Defaults (ie. Download Dir´s,….):

-LabHostDefauIt ps Get onfigurationpath Di ffer enci ngVhdPath HotfixPath Isopath odu eCach epath : C: \ ProgramData\Labi lity\ModuIes ParentVhdPath ResourcePath Resour ceShar eName . Resources DisableLocaIFiIeCaching : False Enabl Cal StackLoggi ng . False

I want to change some of the paths to my (slower but bigger) D Drive:

(it is not necessary to create the directories – Lability will do that later for you…)

..time to create all the dir´s:

PS C Start-LabHostConfiguration -Verbose ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi ndows Power Sh el I XVI. O\Modu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i on \ Di sabl e- Ds cDebug. cdxml ' ' C : n dows\syst em32\Wi n dowsPower Shel I XVI. ONM odu I es\PSDes i r edStateConfi gur at ion \ Enabl e- Ds cDebug. cdxml ' ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : Started Lab host configuration. Importing DSC Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng Loadi ng modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e modu I e from from from from from from from from from from from path path path path path path path path path path path Test ing node Resource ' eResource' . ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi n Power Sh el I XVI. ONM odu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i on\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i on . psml ' ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi ndows Power Sh el I XVI. O\Modu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i on\Get - DSCConfi gur at i on . cdxml ' ' C : n dows\syst em32\Wi n dowsPower Shel I XVI. ONM odu I es\PSDes i r edStat gur at ion\Get - DSCLoca I Confi gur at i onManager . cdxml ' ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi ndowsPower Sh el I XVI. O\Modu I es\PSDes i r edStat gur at i on \ Restor e- DSCConfi gur at i on . cdxml ' ' C : n dows\syst em32\Wi n dowsPower Sh el I XVI. ONM odu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i on\Get - Ds cConfi gur at i on Statu s . cdxml ' ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi ndows Power Sh el I XVI. O\Modu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i on \ Stop- Ds cConfi gur at i on . cdxml ' ' C : n dows\syst em32\Wi n dowsPower Sh el I XVI. ONM odu I es\PSDes i r edStat gur at i on \ Remove- Ds cConfi gur at i on Document . cdxml ' ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi ndowsPower Sh el I XVI. O\Modu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i I as s Resour ces\Wi ndowsPackageCab\Wi ndowsPackageCab. psdl ' ' C : ndows\syst em32\Wi n dowsPower Sh el I XVI. O\Modu I es\PSDes i r edStat eConfi gur at i I as s Resour ces\Wi ndowsPackageCab\Wi ndowsPackageCab. psml ' Hyper-V Role' configuration. Skipping command ' Set-WindowsFeatureTargetResource' . Test ing node 'Hyper-V Tools' configuration. Skipping command ' Set-WindowsFeatureTargetResource' . Import ing bundled DSC Resource 'xPendi ngReboot ' Test ing node 'Pending reboot' configuration. Ski pping command ' Set-Pendi ngRebootTargetResource' . Finished Lab host configuration.

PS Test-LabHostConfiguration -Verbose ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : ER80SE : rue PS C Started Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Lab host configuration test. directory exists. directory exists. directory exists. directory exists. directory 'C: \ ProgramData\Labi lity\ModuIes' exists. directory exists. directory exists. node ' Hyper-V Role' configuration. node ' Hyper-V Tools' configuration. node ' Pending reboot' configuration. Finished Lab host configuration test.

..while Start-LabConfiguration (later) can download all necessary medias automatically, you can download it in advance to be prepared:

(for a list of MediaId´s see above – Download Sources…)

Administrator: Windows PowerSheII Downloading 'http://care. com/d1/down10ad/8/9/2/89284838-8A51-49C8-90F8-59COA58DOE70/14300.1000.160324-1723. 53 261 817 of 5 199 917 056 bytes (1 96).

You need two configuration files for Lability to work – for example copy NanoExample.ps1 and NanoExample.psd1 to D:\Lability\Configurations

Open NanoExample.ps1 with your preferred TextEditor ie. Notepad++ and see what Modules are used – in this case xNetworking and xPSDesiredStateConfiguration…

— Confi guration NanoExampIe { Requires the following DSC resources: xNetworking (v2.S.O.O or later) xPSDesiredStateConfiguration (vs . param ( ) Import —Ds cRe source —Module node SAIINodes . Vmere ( { $ true) ) . NodeName Local Confi onManager { O or later) httzs : / / Chub . ht : / / Chub . com/PowerSheII/xPSDesiredStateConfiauration RebootNodeIfNeeded I owModuI eCve rwri t e — S true;

..if you have not done before you should install these modules – type:

In our example we want to use Server2016TP5 – so open NanoExample.psd1 and edit the following line:

Now set the defaults for your VMs: (Memory,Regional Settings,…)

Create MOF Files

Copy nanoexample.ps1 and psd1 to configurations dir…(enter exactly as below)

Administratar: Windows PowerSheII PS Ity\Con 1 guratlons> Ity\Con 1 guratl ons\NanoExamp e. psl PS D: \ NanoExampIe -Outputpath D: \ Directory: D: \ Labi lity\Configurations -Confi gurati onData . \ NanoExampI e. psdl LastWriteTime 17.09. 2016 17.09. 2016 14:10 14:10 Length Name 6766 MAW1.mof 1174 NAWI. meta. mof PS

(..if you have any typo in there – no .mof files generated and no error message are displayed (thank´s Iain for pointing me in the right direction.. :-))

Start Lab

It´s time to start our lab:

…add your credentials:

Windows PowerSheII credential request. Enter the virtual machines' local administrator password. LocalAdministrator Password:

..and Lability is creating our environment:

Administrator: Windows PowerSheII PS D: La 1 ty Con 1 guratnons:• . D: La 1 ty Con 1 guratlons NanoExamp e. PSI PS D: \ NanoExampIe -Outputpath D: \ Confi guring node ' NAPOI' Processing [000000000000000000000000000 Add-WindowsPackage: cab Running [14:51. [14:51: [14:51: [14:51: [14:51: [14:51: [14:51: [14:51: [14:51: [14:51. : 51 :04) • 51 :04) -ConfigurationData D: \ psdl Cooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo 17. 09. 2016 14:50 1174 VAN01.meta. PS D: \ Labi Start-LabConfiguration -ConfigurationData . \NanoExampIe. psdl -Verbose ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ARNING: ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : ERBOSE : [14 [14:51 [14:51 :03) [14:51 [14:51 :03) [14:51 [14:51 :03) [14:51 [14:51 :03) [14:51 [14:51 :03) [14:51 [14:51 • 51. [14:51 :05) [14:51 :08) [14:51 [14:51 :12) [14:51 :16) [14:52 :18) [14:52 00) 00) 00) 00) 00) 00) 00) 00) 00) • 01) • 04) Start ed Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Testing Lab host configuration test. directory 'D: \ Lability\configurations' exists. directory 'D: \ Lability\VNVirtuaIHardDisks' exists. directory 'D: \ Lability\Hotfixes' exists. directory 'D: \ Lability\ISOs' exists. directory 'C: \ ProgramData\Labi lity\ModuIes' exists. directory 'D: \ Lability\MasterVirtuaIHardDisks' exists. directory 'D: \ Lability\Resources' exists. node ' Hyper-V Role' configuration. node 'Hyper-V Tools' configuration. node ' Pending reboot' configuration. Finished Lab host configuration test. Started Lab configuration. Checking node configuration file 'D: \ Checking node configuration file 'D: \ meta.mof' Started Lab configuration test. Testing node ' configuration. Testing Image configuration ' Finished Lab configuration test. Node ' UAWI' is miss ing or misconfigured. Setting Virtual Switch configuration 'Internal vSwitch' . Using existing 'Internal vSwitch' virtual switch. Resource iso' checksum matches '64178A460F958D91DED05DFACD553783' . Creating disk image 'Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview 5 Nano 64bit English' . Creating disk image 'D: \ vhdx' Mounting disk image 'D: \ vhdx' Initializing disk image 'D: \ vhdx' Creating 'System' disk partition. Formatting 'System' disk partition. Creating 'OS' disk partition. Formatting 'OS' disk partition. Mounting disk image 'D: \ iso' . Applying Windows Image 'I' to vhdx' Adding Windows package(s) 'Microsoft-NanoServer-Guest-Package' to image 'F : \ ' Adding package 'Microsoft-NanoServer-Guest-Package' to image .

…after a lot of tasks that lability does for us:

ER80SE : ARNING: ER80SE : [14:55 :45] Creating baseline snapshot 'Lability Baseline Snapshot' [14:55 :45] CNAWI] Keyboard layout will be 'EN-LIS' [14:55 :45] Finished Lab configuration. Name State MenoryAssigned(M) Uptime St at us Version UWI off O PS 00:00:00 Operating normally 7.1

Check Lab

You can check the config now – start hyper-v manager and see whats happen:

Virtual Machines State CPU Usage
PL/Sdeus u se 日

..one VM with a Baseline Snapshot created..

 Additional Info´s

You can find a good video from Iain called “Man vs. Testlab” on youtube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jefhLaJsG3E